Researchers who are using autosomal DNA testing know the importance of testing as many of your known relatives as possible, especially the elders of the family. I love it when a 2nd cousin shows up among my matches because that can help in sorting. I don't know about you, but I don't have a money tree. In the absence of unlimited funds to purchase atDNA tests, something that I have had success with is finding those 2C1R, 2C2R, 3C, 3C1R and so on that I do not know who have tested. After my grandparents passed we did not have the family gatherings every few years so I haven't kept up with my cousins who are spread across the US. With the over abundance of testers with very small trees in my matches, the odds are in my favor that there are those among my matches who aren't showing up in the AncestryDNA circles because their tree isn't built out far enough. I think this is one of the times when having Colonial American lines really makes things easier. This process will not work if you have only a handful of 4th or closer cousins. If that is the case for you I would suggest working the first few pages of your Distant Cousins to see which of the 4th cousins are SHARED for you and that Distant Cousin.
My Cook lines and also my Jakes/Harger lines(both paternal) are ones I have been focusing on lately. I have a lot of genealogical questions for which I'd like to find answers. The steps are pretty much the same regardless of which group I choose.
Select a Focus Group(ex. my Jakes/Frizzell Great Grandparents)
Find a close cousin among the matches who is in the Focus group(you can do this by choosing one of your matches from the DNA circle if you have those)
Browse thru the Shared Matches that you share with that cousin. Pick a few that have the smaller trees to build out in search of the MRCA.
Don't ignore the larger trees. Look at all the ones that aren't in the circle to see if they have a path that might lead to the Focus Ancestor. I've found many who were only a generation away from the MRCA which would have put them in the circle.
Contact the match with any knew information you find and ask them to consider uploading to GEDmatch. It's always nice to get a message from someone who can extend your family tree.
Utilize the NOTES feature on your match's page. Connections lead to more connections as each of you may have documents, pictures or stories that would help the other in their research. I guess this is why it upsets me a great deal when I cross paths with a researcher who is only researching his or her direct line. Don't be someone who misses out on finding that extra something just because you are only interested in your direct line.
The Daily Republican Banner Sat. Oct 13, 1838 pg 1
An Advertisement from 1838 Nashville TN newspaper about wine and brandy available for sale was not that uncommon. The earlier newspapers seem to have many advertisements where folks are either looking to purchase or to sell items used to make liquor. My Ogilvies were especially found of distilleries. Stills and other items or ingredients used in the production of liquor were a common part of their estates. Even shares in upcoming production of whiskey was mentioned in my 5th Great Grandfather, William Ogilvie's will(April Session 1813 Williamson Co. TN)
Nashville Whig --Wed. April 7 1813 advertisement states: Stills
A Hynes & Co.
Are now manufacturing, and will
constantly have on hand, a number of the
best kind of Copper Stills.
Nashville, March 24, 1813
From the 1826 Madison Co TN probate records of Charles S. Barthe, I found the contents of a mercantile store listed--much of which is liquor. As I first read though the inventory list I had wondered if it might have been a tavern due to the amount of drinks and glasses. Further along in the inventory listing there are large amounts of grains, household goods, fabrics, and medicines as well as work tools. Perhaps the large stock of alcohol was due to it being used as more than just a good drink? It was a pain medicine, tonic, cough syrup and in some cases a disinfectant.
I found this article which mentions Rockvale, TN while researching another story but thought this was worth mentioning. Was Horace Odell Holder any relation to me? I thought I'd check since I have many family lines in that area. As it happens, we share a 4th Great Grandparent, Mark Lambert Jackson. He descends thru Mark's first wife Drucilla Rainey, while my connection is thru that of his 2nd wife Leannah Basey Webb. That makes us 1/2 5th Cousins.
Horace Odell Holder was the son of Horace Lee Holder and Minnie Odell Hendrix Holder(who remarried to Walter Lee Leathers after Horace Lee Holders death in 1931)
Kingsport News, 04 Jul 1946, Thu, Page 6 (available at www.newspapers.com )
I found an entry in a Virginia Directory for a Horace O Holder and wife but I am not sure if this is the same person or not. This Horace O Holder is listed as USN. The couple were divorced in the same year the directory covers and had only married the year before in Savannah Georgia according to Divorce Papers also available at Ancestry.com. This will take further research to determine if this is the same Horace O Holder as the one from Rockvale.
I've been working with probate files a lot lately. I have many ancestors who were living in Williamson Co TN in the early 1800s. There is a database at Ancestry which is called Tennessee, Divorce and Other Records, 1800-1965. While it does showcase the divorce records, the Williamson County TN section of this database is where I have been finding probate packets. Probate packets are files which contain all the information used in wrapping up a person's estate after their death.
Items you might find in a probate packet:
The original will(if one existed)
Inventory of the Deceased's estate
Records of the Estate Sale(items, price, and buyer)
Additional court records if there are minor heirs or if a will is contested etc.
Allotment records for the widow and minor heirs
Records of Bond posted
Affidavits on a number of subjects.
Subpoenas of witnesses
Records of death of the widow
Land Records/Deed Plots
(these are just some I have found..your results may vary)
In addition to Williamson County, the database contains the following TN counties: Anderson, Carroll, Cheatham, Dickson, Franklin, Haywood, Henderson, Obion, and Tipton.
The record types covered are searchable and browsable and in some cases listed alphabetically:
Divorce Court Minutes 1947-1949
Divorce Court Minutes 1949-1951
Divorce Court Files 1826-1900 (listed by Surname A-Z)
Divorce Records 1919-1950, A-Z
Marriage Bonds/Licenses 1904-1910
Death Records 1930-1939
Divorce Records 1849-1932, A-Wr
Original Wills 1800-1899
Divorce Records 1860-1900, A-W
Divorce Records 1900-1910, A-Z
Divorce Records 1900-1930, A-Z
Divorce Records 1910-1919, A-Z
Divorce Records 1920-1929, A-Z
Divorce Records 1930-1939, A-Z
Divorce Court Docket 1941-1965
Divorce Files 1860-1936
Divorce Index 1860-1936
Divorce, Probate and Other Files 1808-1885
Chancery Court Records 1870-1915
Divorce Index 1896-1950
Divorce Records 1896-1950
Other Court Records 1800-1918
Divorce Records 1930-1939, Ve-Yo
Divorce Records 1940-1950, A-Wy
Divorce Index 1911-1950
Divorce Records 1911-1950, A-Z
Divorce Files 1900-1950, A-Z
Divorce, Probate and Other Records 1800-1899, A-Z
Misc Records (Liquor Licenses thru Slave Records)
The Tennessee, Divorce and Other Records, 1800-1965 is a part of the Wills & Probates, Estates & Guardian Records Collection at Ancestry.com. If you save the files to your tree please be sure they are listed as probate and not divorce facts. Several years ago when I added a probate file for my Putmans from this database it would list the event as a divorce rather than a probate. This is fixable but not without some work manually editing sorce. This is likely something which could occur in mixed records sets and may be propagated if people aren't paying attention while they are adding the documents. Consult the database at Ancestry.com(if you aren't subscribed you may be able to view while at your local library.) Many of these files are also available at FamilySearch.org. Check the catalog there under Tennessee and the county in which you are interested.
Mom's AncestryDNA matches include
2nd Cousin AncestryDNA category
(which includes some projected 1st-2nd cousins & 2nd-3rd cousins)
11 cousins--3 of which have uploaded to GEDmatch.com
AncestryDNA estimated shared cMs ranges from 623 cMs over 21 segments --235 cM over 9 segments
All are Paternal cousins except one--a known maternal 1C1R of the Acuff/Hale variety
3rd Cousin AncestryDNA category
39 cousins--6 of which have uploaded to GEDmatch.com
AncestryDNA estimated shared cMs ranges from 188 cMs over 9 segments-- 91 cMs over 5 segments
Subtracting those 50 matches and the 3 immediate family from her total shown 4th Cousins or closer match total and she has 2,266 4th cousins. For the record all of Mom's 3rd cousins or closer have been asked if they would consider uploading their results to GEDmatch. Looking at Mom's matches made me curious how the numbers compared to my results as well as those of my daughter, and my sister.
Mom is very fortunate to have many of her closer cousins who have tested. I wish more of the closer cousins would upload to GEDmatch. It certainly would make sorting the matches easier. In the end though it is their choice and more times than not, it is just not a priority for them.
Wanted to read through the Census for the area where my Upshaw/Patton lines had lived. They would have been gone from the area for likely at least 15 yrs by the time this census was taken. I see a lot of Cooks and also some familiar names like William King and Leroy Upshaw. The Upshaw may be a cousin as the age was too young to be my direct Leroy Upshaw. I'm sure there are errors in this listing as it is my attempt at reading the handwriting from the scanned images. That said, the writing is worlds better than some I've tried to decipher.
John Y Allgood
John F Cook
Thomas Bell Sr
John B Cook
David Hudson Jr
William Allgood Jr
William Allgood Sr
Jesse Hendrick Sr
William S Burch
James A Depriest
These are listed after the totals on the 2nd pg. (no explanation is offered by the census taker as to why they are listed separately)
Isaac O Edwards
David Hudson Sr
William B Key
Chole T Kee
William C Davis
List of Letters
Remaining in the Post Office at Nashville on the 15th day of April.
Persons applying for the letter to the following list, will please say "ADVERTISED"
Among those listed was
Cook, Ellis P
Not in my line that I know of but I was curious as to why he hadn't gotten the letter.
1839 Oct Robertson Co TN married to Louisa Y? Strother₁
1840 Davidson Co., TN₂
1850 Newton Co., MO₃ (Kitty Cortney b. in TN living in household)
1860 Newton Co., MO₄ (Louisa no longer in household youngest child age 7)
1870 Newton Co., MO₅ (Kitty still living in household
1870 Dec Newton Co., MO₆ married Catherine "Kitty" Cortney
1880 Carroll Co., AR ₇
Looking at a timeline of events from records I found it appears he had moved from the Nashville area to Newton Co MO where he remained until sometime between 1870 and 1880 when he moved to Carroll Co., Arkansas. After the death of his first wife it appears he married Kitty who had been living in his household since 1850. Was Kitty kin to his first wife who was also born in TN. Did he ever receive the letter? Rabbit holes for another day.
The following sources were consulted as I fell down the rabbit hole. 1. Tennessee, State Marriages, 1780-2002 for Ellis P Cook --Robertson Dec 1878 - Nov 1886: Marriages 5-8 Ancestry.com. Tennessee, State Marriages, 1780-2002 Oct 16 1839 (it was indexed as 1840 and in the 1878-1886 book [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2008. Original data: Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002. Nashville, TN, USA: Tennessee State Library and Archives. Microfilm. 2. Year: 1840; Census Place: Davidson, Tennessee; Roll: 520; Page: 285; Family History Library Film: 0024543 Source Information Ancestry.com. 1840 United States Federal Census, Tennessee, Davidson Co. City of Nashville Ward 4 Image 41 of 257 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2010. 3. Year: 1850; Census Place: Van Buren, Newton, Missouri; Roll: M432_408; Page: 342A; Image: 246 Source Information Ancestry.com. 1850 United States Federal Census Missouri, Newton Co. Van Buren Twp. Images 12 & 13 of 14[database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. 4. Year: 1860; Census Place: Van Buren, Newton, Missouri; Roll: M653_636; Page: 983; Family History Library Film: 803636 Source Information Ancestry.com. 1860 United States Federal Census Missouri Newton Co. Van Buren Twp. Images 9 of 25. [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. 5. Year: 1870; Census Place: Van Buren, Newton, Missouri; Roll: M593_795; Page: 487B; Image: 386627; Family History Library Film: 552294 Source Information Ancestry.com. 1870 United States Federal Census Missouri Newton Co. Van Buren Twp. Newtonia P.O. Images 12 of 33[database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2009. 6. Ancestry.com. Missouri, Marriage Records, 1805-2002 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2007. Original data: Missouri Marriage Records. Jefferson City, MO, USA: Missouri State Archives. Microfilm. 7. Year: 1880; Census Place: Eureka Springs, Carroll, Arkansas; Roll: 39; Family History Film: 1254039; Page: 159C; Enumeration District: 025; Image 15 of 57 Ancestry.com and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 1880 United States Federal Census Arkansas, Carroll Co., Eureka Springs Image 15 of 57 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010.
My Daughter, Brittany's Folley line is her most recent immigrant line. George Folley(her 3rd Great Grandfather) brought his family to the USA about 1887. At the time, his family consisted of his wife and their two daughters. His wife would die in 1888 of Yellow Fever. George was a tailor and remarried in New York to Barbara Klemme(from Franklin Co IN) about 3 years after his wife's death. Franklin County, Indiana is where most of Brittany's Paternal Grandfather's German ancestors lived. George and Barbara lived in Campbell Co Kentucky for awhile before moving on to Cincinnati Ohio.
I recently subscribed when I noticed a good deal on their Publisher Extra subscription which they were offering to Ancestry.com subscribers. Imagine my surprise at finding genealogical information in an advertisement. The subscription price is well worth it. I found the details of George's Death published in The Cincinnati Enquirer and also ran across an advertisement from about 25 yrs prior to that which gives a little background about George's employment.
The Cincinnati Enquirer Cincinnati, Ohio Mon, Mar 25, 1929 – Page 12
Most researchers know that obituaries are often littered with errors. Names omitted---wrong info given because of the survivors' state of mind and countless other reasons. I think my family takes the cake on it though. My Great Grandmother Emma Frances Hale(Mrs. James Polk Acuff) is listed in her brother's obit in 1947[Sam Hale--Southern Standard (McMinnville, TN) ]despite the fact that she died in 1939. My family really does need to stay in touch more. Today I found another example while checking the obits for my Aunts and Uncles. This one I found today is likely to be a typo that no one caught.
My Dad's brother, Morris Bradford Cooke's obit list the year of death wrong. It was 1994 when he died. The obituary is in The Tennessean, (Nashville, TN) 12 Mar 1994, Sat, Page 16. His Mother, my paternal grandmother died in July of 1993. I know he was alive then as I was at her funeral and he was there. We have the creepy picture by the casket to back that up also. I have no idea why we do that...it happens a lot in my family. I think it is fairly obvious if you look at all the other obituaries on the page and the date of publication. If there is any doubt, I may have to find those pics.
As a researcher you should be familiar with Cluster Genealogy as a method for finding out more about your ancestors. You may also be familiar with the term Fan Club or Fan Club principle which was coined by Elizabeth Shown Mills to describe the group of individuals who were Family, Associates, and Neighbors of an ancestor. By examining the relationship of these persons to your ancestor, you will gain a better insight into their lives and find more of their paper trail. If you aren't familiar with this term please check out Mill's Historic Pathways site for more information on her excellent articles, books, and presentations.
FAN club from Lemuel Manier's Probate Packet
Susan E A. Manier (widow)
John W. Manier(son)
Stephen J. Manier(son)
Eliza J. Manier King(daughter)
Wm. B King(son-in-law)
Minerva O. or A Hays(daughter--Widow of Robert Ralston)
Ann Manier Floyd(daughter)
John H. Floyd(son-in-law)
Leanne Manier Hill(daughter)
William T. Hill(son-in-law)
David C Manier(son)
Anna W Manier(daughter)
Drury Bennet(neighboring land owner married to Elizabeth Manier)
James Carson(neighboring land owner)
John Loney?(neighboring land owner)
Wm. R. Nunn(neighboring land owner)
Wm McKay(sold Lemuel land in R'ford Co Tn 16 Jan 1835)
Harriet(negro --child of Mary)
James D. Gillespie(witness)
Christopher M Brooks(witness)
Thomas Bullock(Deputy Court Clk)
R. D. Morrison(witness)
J P Calhoun(witness)
James T. Shurman(witness)
James A. Hayes(son-in-law---2nd husband & eventually ex husband of Minerva)
Permelia Russell(widow of Daniel Russell)
Daniel Russell(deceased trustee for Minerva)
James S. Hamlett(Sheriff)
William Ralston(son of Minerva who is her trustee)
Wm S Fleming(Chancellor of Court 1874)
From the information in the Probate Pkt of
David Lemuel Manier(Manire) 1792-1837 Williamson Co. TN
Image 2867-2984 of 2992
Probate, Divorce and Original Wills Records, 1800-1899; Author: Tennessee County Court (Williamson County); Probate Place: Williamson, Tennessee
Things I found in a 118 image probate file(At Ancestry.com) of my 3rd Great Grandfather, Lemuel Manier(Manire) who died in the year 1837 in Williamson County, Tennessee. You really have to take it in the context of the times--before emancipation and women's rights. Not that that justifies not giving folks rights or limiting them based on the color of their skin, their gender ...or both. Some of the pages were poorly written. Thankfully, there were 2 or 3 copes for a number of the documents and at least one was legible.
Information in the probate packet:
Date on which will was written & residence
Date on which will was proven
Listing of children complete with married names of daughters
Name of widow
Death info of widow
Additional land description & who it was purchased from
Names of neighbors from land description
Relationship status of daughters(marriage/divorce/widowed)
Location/Proof of relationship status of daughters or widow
Name of County Sheriff
Proof of death of estate trustee
Estate sale items
Slave names and ages
record of slave death including the cost of coffin
Hiring out of slaves
47 persons to add to Lemuel Manire's Genealogy FAN club(term coined by Elisabeth Shown Mills which describes a research method of studying an ancestor's Family, Associates, and Neighbors--also called cluster research)