Saturday, July 14, 2018

DNA Matches---Family Dynamics

Whether I'm working within my own family or helping an adoptee, I use the shared DNA tool at DNApainter to help figure out the probability of relationships of DNA matches. Visit the linked text to find out more about the tool and those who contributed to its development. 

My parents are both the next to the youngest child in each of their families.  Dad was 5th of 6 children and Mom was 10th of 11 children. This made me curious about the average age for each of the people in my direct line when the child I descend from was born.  So I made a chart which looks at this for all 4 of my grandparents and their grandparents.  

An explanation using the PGF-PGF   
1811(YOB of 2nd Great GF) 
1854(YOB of Great GF) 
1888(YOB of Grandfather) 
1930(YOB of my Dad) 
1968(my YOB)  

The numbers in the age column are the age of that person at the time of their descendant's birth. I included my age at the time of my daughters birth for comparison as well.  The average age is listed on the last line of each square within that category.  The average of all 16 averages is 33.7 years.



I'm really surprised not to see more of them in the 20-25 range.  I tend to think of 20 years as a generation.  This can vary a lot depending on ancestors birth order. What you can't tell from this is that my MGM married at 15 and had her first child by age 17.  She was 41 when my Mom was born. I just seem to descend from a long line of late in life babies.  This is something to consider when trying to decide if that DNA match with whom you share 196 cM is a 2C1R, 2C, Half 1C1R, 1C2R, etc.  Are they descending from the youngest child?  Were there children from a second marriage?  You have to know some things about the family dynamics which is a great argument for researching the sibling lines instead of just sticking to your direct.  If you just research your direct it will be very difficult to identify matches connections--even more so than it already is.  


Monday, July 09, 2018

Note to Self

I've gotten in the habit of writing notes in the comment section of Records in my search results at Ancestry.   The comments help me remember details about the image and to know that I have viewed the image.  This is a great timesaver when the image is of an index.  I leave notes on how to navigate to the page it references and sometimes details about the names listed in the records.  This is particularly helpful with common surnames in my research such as King and Cook where there are MANY men with the given names, John, William, Thomas etc. An example of one of my typical notes is shown below.  If my notes are helpful to others, that's even better.   


Wednesday, July 04, 2018

Reading thru some Cook(e) Confederate Pensions filed in Louisiana

In my efforts to find more on my Cook cousins I've started reading thru the Confederate Pension applications to see if I could locate any cousins from the lines of those that my brother most closely matches thru YDNA.  I started with Louisiana though I don't know if any of the Shem Cooke lines ended up there or were in the area for a time.  FamilySearch has the Louisiana Confederate Pension Applications at their site.  While they aren't searchable in the normal fashion they are listed alphabetically in groups and you can navigate to the surname of your choice within the group.  The Cook pension applications start on image 544 of 1454 in the section that covers
Como, Angie-Desire ------ Corley, Jackson S

Confederate Pensions Applications were State pensions and there are differences in the pension applications for each state that paid these as well as within each state over time.  Confederate pensions were applied for within the state of residence which many times wasn't the state where they had been living at the time of service or where they had enlisted.  Requirements for drawing a pension varied as well.

In the Louisiana Confederate Pension Applications, there were files for 26 Cook/Cooke soldiers.  Of those 26, 14 were filed by the widow.  If you are searching for the place of birth and birthdate for a soldier, and the soldier as applied you will likely find that info in his application along with the name of his wife and children if he married and had a family.  While widow's applications aren't as great for finding the place of birth or birthdate for the soldier, they do contain the marriage date and death date.
Less than half of the Cook/Cooke soldiers who applied in Louisiana were born there,   The image below is a list of the Places of Birth given for the files I read in which the POB was not in Louisiana.



The most interesting application was a widow's application where the soldier had begun filing for a divorce but had died before it was finalized.  The widow got her pension.  This file was full of information about the filing of the divorce and also many letters detailing a change of address for the widow after she had begun drawing the pension.

Friday, June 15, 2018

Riddles in New Mexico Prison & Correctional Records

One of my favorite things to do outside of my own research and helping adoptees find their bio families is to find an interesting database at Ancestry and search for one of my not so common surnames.   Today I searched the New Mexico, Prison and Correctional Records, 1905-1958 for the Riddle surname.  My Riddle line ends in East TN with the marriage of Millie Riddle to George Hitchcock.  You can read more about my Riddle line by searching on Riddle using the search at the top left portion of this page.

New Mexico, Prison and Correctional Records, 1905-1958
(https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=9171)

The search for Riddle in this database returned 4 items which detailed 3 different individuals.  Two of the results were about the same person.


In addition to their Name, alias and intake date you can find a great deal of information listed for each prisoner:  photos, physical description, names of relatives or friends, previous convictions, parents. names and places of birth are just a few of the additional items included.

If you do search this database, be sure that you click thru to the second image which is an outline of the human body with notes about scars, moles and other identifying marks.  The pictures from both of Milton Crume Riddle's intake papers are shown below.

Milton Crume Riddell 1931 intake picture

Milton Crume Riddle 1934 intake picture

His family has Virginia and Kentucky connections though they lived in Texas most of his life. Check those obscure databases.

Friday, June 01, 2018

Garrison King--Dickson Co TN--list of heirs

I don't know that this Garrison King has any connection to my own King line(or Cooke line for that matter as his wife was a Cook).  He and Gilford Cook are neighbors in 1840 census(Dickson Co TN) and they live near some of the ancestors of several of my autosomal DNA matches.  These are matches who match me on a segment(s) that I can attribute to having come from my paternal Grandfather whose parents were William Green Cook and Jane Bell King Cook.  Below is a page from Garrison King's Probate file which is on Ancestry in the TN Probate Records Database. It shows the distribution of the money from his estate to his heirs.



Tennessee, Wills and Probate Records, 1779-2008
https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=9176
Dickson County
Estate Settlements, 1800-1885, Jordan, John P-Northam, Samual
Garrison King"s Folder
Images 309-338 
(The above image is a cropped screenshot of image 321 accessed 1 June 2018)

I would love to find something like this for each of my ancestors.

Friday, May 18, 2018

My daughter's Full mtDNA results and analysis

During what has to be the busiest week for me in some time,  I've actually managed to make a bit of headway with my daughter's mtDNA results.  Her full mtDNA test was done thru FamilyTreeDNA. Usually, it's Tuesday when we get notifications of new matches.  I received a notification that she had a new match and was a bit confused when  I checked and it was actually a 4th cousin from my Hitchcock line but on his Dad's side  This is really interesting because while he does descend from Millie Riddle Hitchcock (see link for more info) who many Family Trees list as Millie Combs and sister to my Nancy Combs Fleming.  Millie's line is NOT his mtDNA line.  His matrilineal line goes back to a Sarah Combs who could be an older sister of my Nancy Combs or at least connected to Nancy's direct mother line..  So I've been looking at the full mtDNA matches who are Genetic Distance of Zero.  There are about 18 matches at that level,  of which about 7 have trees. In addition to those 7 with trees, 2 matches have their most distant FEMALE ancestor listed.  In between everything else I needed to get done I began building a mtDNA tree with the mtDNA lines of those that had trees.  If I can identify the others Most Distant Female Ancestor I will add them to the tree also.  I also added my daughters mtDNA line to the tree.  I build these out from the tester and add GD=0  in the Suffix box of the tester's profile so that I can identify & view their pedigree easily.




I realize mtDNA connections can be a good way back--many generations-a thousand(s) years even.  Our Haplogroup is H3-T152C!  Those who had trees with the exception of 1 seem to all lead back to early East Tennessee.  Unlike YDNA,  the surnames associated change with each generation.  I keep seeing Combs, Campbell, Wallace, Hoskins which makes me wonder if I am about to the point where we connect or have a group of families that traveled and interacted whose matrilineal line is intermarrying.  My mother, while she hasn't done the mtDNA, has done an autosomal test.  Her mtDNA should be the same as my daughter's since the mtDNA which I passed to my daughter was mtDNA I had received from her.  It also seems to me like the backward mutation was prior to 1800s as those Genetic Distance 0 folks who have their tree back beyond that point and have still not connected likely got it back before that point. We do have one of the Hoskin/Parkers who matches with us in our Autosomal tests(Moms)

Hopefully, I will get some time this next week to search thru our matches for some of the surnames that keep appearing within the early East TN time frame. 

I would be interested in hearing how others go about working with their mtDNA results--especially if they have done the mtFULL.  I've heard so many say they are disappointed by the results or don't know what to do with them.  I guess if you have a more common haplogroup that can really be hard to work with but still I think I'd be looking for those in the area where my mtDNA line was just to see if I could make connections that extend my research further back.  I'd be glad to inch back a generation at a time.  Everyone's approach will likely be different and dependent on how common the haplogroup is and the number of close matches.  If you have tested, what's your approach with your mtDNA results?  What works for you? 

Monday, May 07, 2018

Down the Rabbit Hole--Wades of Rutherford Co TN


This "rabbit hole" adventure starts out with me finding this snippet shown below on  Newspapers.com and wanting to know more about this Wade family.


The Tennessean 29 Dec 1889 Sunday morning edition  pg 15 People and Events Murfreesboro section  (www.newspapers.com)  listed as The Tennessean Paper at the time it was The Daily American (Nashville, TN)

Fount and Eth B. Wade appear to be sons of Levi Wade.  Just out of curiosity I pulled their 1850 Census entry where they are living in their father's household.


1850 US Federal Population Census, Rutherford Co. Tennessee Wilkinson Crossroad Dist. Stamped pg #191 written pg #381 https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=8054 images reproduced by FamilySearch  (household entry carries over onto the top of the following page)


This Levi Wade's place of birth is given as Maryland.   He appears to be the one who is listed as a son of James Wade and Ann Magruder in Ancestry's North American Family Histories Collection 1500-2000 with the information noted as coming from Daughters of the American Revolution Lineage Book : NSDAR: Volume 159: 1920.  This entry also shows his connection to Maryland as he appears to be the great-grandson of Joseph Magruder who died in Montgomery Co MD in 1793.

I found 4 marriages for a Levi Wade all in Rutherford Co. TN.  The DAR lineage book noted that Mary Henderson was his 2nd marriage

1st Marriage to Mary A E. Bedford 17 Jan 1821
2nd Marriage to Mary Henderson 8 Jan 1828
3rd Marriage to Virginia Barksdale 5 Nov 1839
4th Marriage to Catherine E Thompson 7 Jan 1864(one compiled Ancestry.com source says 1863)

Virginia's FindAGrave entry says that Levi Wade was a widower with 12 children when he and Virginia married(see above link-Click on her name). She died sometime prior to Levi's marriage to Catherine likely around 1863 though her Find-A-Grave entry gives 1868 and is not sourced.

Imagine the number of descendants.  This is something to think about if you are a descendant and have done DNA testing.  You'd have 21 other possible lines of descent for cousins as Virginia and Levi went on to have 10 children.  According to some of the info I ran across while trying to see how many times he married, he was a TN state senator who voted for succession at the last minute and was away in Virginia when the Yankees took over his plantation. Levi filed a claim in 1876 with the Southern Claims Commision but it was disallowed.  He lived to be in his mid-80s.  There were many mentions of him in the Tennessee newspapers which you can read if you have access to Newspapers.com.  Virginia's family cemetery(Barksdale) has some details about the Union troops taking over the family plantation.

Tuesday, May 01, 2018

DNA matches & segment analysis

I checked my One-To-Many match listing at GEDmatch for the first time in about a week and found 2 new (above 30 cM) matches.   One 41.6 cM and the other 35.8 cM.  My normal practice is to click on the L of the match to take a look at their match list and use the CTRL + F function to find my email addy on the match list.  That gives me an idea of which of the tests other than mine this person matches.

The first kitt that I admin which is listed on their match list(abt 65 lines down) is my own kit followed shortly by my brother's test.   At this point, I'm thinking that the match is likely on Dad's side as my Mom tested and I haven't seen her name on the page.   After looking down 5 more lines I see another kit I admin.  This is a match that neither I nor my brother has any relation --my daughter's Paternal 2nd Great Aunt(a Mosley/Hogland connection?).  Clicking to the next found occurrence of my email addy(which is about one click of the Page Down button away)  I see that this person also shares DNA with my daughter's paternal Great Aunt(niece of previously mentioned 2ndGr Aunt). On to the next match for a kit I admin which is my Mom's kit,  followed shortly by my daughter's kit.   At this point, I'm thinking the match is on Mom's side.  But wait, there's more.   The last match is my Paternal Aunt.

I can't think of a better example to illustrate the importance of a chromosome browser to establish whether a match is Paternal, Maternal or in this case both.  Segment analysis is extremely important.

While both of my parents have early Tennessee ancestors, I've not found any In-Common ancestors and I have most of the lines back to 4th Greats.  Given that they are both heavily colonial there could likely be some connections once we are back in the 1600s.  Occasionally, I do find cousins that I have in common with both sides which is what is happening in this case.

From this new match's list, I selected each kit adminned by me, selected Visualization Options and then Chromosome Browser(2D Chr Browser).

Once I view the matches of this person to my adminned kits in the 2D Chromosome browser, I can see what is happening.  The image below shows the segments and is a table format I made using the information in the chromosome browser.





The Chromosome 5 segment is one that my brother and I got from our Mom.  I passed that segment on to my daughter.  The Chromosome 12 segment is one that my daughter didn't get but is somewhere down her Paternal Mosley/Hogland lines.  The Chromosome 17 segment is one that my brother and I received from our Dad(never tested)

What's my takeaway from this?

 I can never assume sides from the One To Many lists.  Dad didn't test and there is nothing to compare from his side unless by chance they also match his sister.

While segment analysis is a must,  it's not something we will ever be able to do at Ancestry in my opinion. This match tested at Ancestry which I can tell by the A at the beginning of his kit number.  .I haven't been able to find him in my matches at Ancestry, but at least I have info for the segments.  AncestryDNA match list could really use a reliable search function but that is something they need to work on site wide.  I am not sure if GEDmatch Genesis will allow for identification of where the Match tested.  There was a column for it in the early GEDmatch Genesis Beta but there doesn't appear to be a way to tell with the current display.  I guess we will know once they have combined the two GEDmatch databases

A quick check of my Visual Phasing of myself and my two siblings shows that the Chr 5 segment that my brother and I share is from our MGF and that our sister has a segment from our MGM at that portion of the Chr 5.  I've not finished my Chr 17 Visual Phasing so I can't compare that one yet.

So now I'm off to DNApainter to paint that segment of Chr. 5 as Maternal and the segment of Chr 17 as Paternal.  With any luck, they will overlap with segments of known cousins which I've already painted and perhaps I can narrow down the connection further.

Sunday, April 29, 2018

Eliza Frances Jakes Burks--my 1C3R

Cousin:  Jakes/Harger 1st Cousin 3 times(generations) removed
Eliza Frances Jakes Burks(1853-1947)
Eliza F. Jakes was the daughter of John "Jack" Jakes and his 2nd wife Nancy Eoff Jakes.  She was born in Bedford County, Tennessee where she married on 24 July 1872 to Robert Lee Burks.  She and Robert had 3 children and were in Texas in October of 1880 when their middle child and only daughter, Ida Frances Burks was born.  The returned to Tennessee around 1885 according to the article about Robert Lee Burks' death(see below)  I have not found them in the 1880 census yet but hope to soon.  I know they were in TX by October but don't know if they were there earlier in the year.  They returned to Tennessee and lived in Livingston(Overton Co TN) from what I can tell.  That is where Eliza lived out the remainder of her life. Eliza's daughter died several years after Eliza's husband passed.  My own Jakes kin live a long life and Eliza is no exception.  She died 15 November 1947 from complications of pneumonia and a fractured left hip at the age of 94 and is buried in Breeding Cemetery in Overton County, Tennessee, USA.  The Breeding cemetery is likely the family graveyard of Eliza's son-in-law Dr. William Martin Breeding, husband of her daughter Ida Frances Burks Breeding.

Eliza Frances Jakes Burks at FindaGrave

Regarding Eliza's year of birth, 
1860 Census lists her in her parents household age 8(1852)
1870 Census lists her in her parents household age 14(1856)
1900 Census lists her with her husband  at age 45 (1855 July)
1910 Census lists her with her husband at age 54(1856)
1920 Census lists her with her husband at age 65 (1855)
1930 Census lists her as a boarder at age 75 (1855)
1940 Census lists her as a boarder at age 86 (1854)
Death Certificate listed her DOB on 26 July 1853(her youngest son R. R. Burks is the informant)
On Robert Ray Burks' SAR application papers(from 1922) her year of birth is given as 1854
The year of birth on her gravestone is 1853



The Tennessean(Nashville, Tennessee)   
Fri, Dec 4, 1925 pg 28
www.newspapers.com

This family is interesting and has several doctors and pharmacists.   I hope to do profiles on the families of each of their 3 children.

Questions:   
Where was the family in the 1880 census?  I know they should be in Texas somewhere unless they were missed.
There were many Tennesseans who went to TX during the period from 1880-1900 but I'd like to know why they went?  Also, what brought them back?

Tuesday, April 24, 2018

MarieB's Genealogy Blog Turns 14!


Today marks this blog's 14th year.  In keeping with my purpose of the blog, I'm listing in no particular order my 14 favorites databases, tools, websites etc. that I find helpful in my research.  I've written a description of how each of them can be used but please check out the link for more info on each of the resources. Please remember to check with and support your local libraries, county archives, and area genealogy & historical societies.  They have many items you won't find online and they need your help to thrive.

14 of My Favorite Databases, Tools, and Websites

1.  U.S. Special Census on Deaf Family Marriages and Hearing Relatives, 1888-1895
https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1582
You will need to be subscribed to Ancestry's US Records or access from a library which has a subscription.  I have found a wealth of information on collateral lines in this database which has led me to other records for my direct lines.

2.  U.S. City Directories, 1822-1995
https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=2469
You will need to be subscribed to Ancestry's US Records or access from a library which has a subscription.  Often overlooked by many, City Directories offer an insight into the lives of townspeople.  See my previous blog post--In Praise of City Directories.

3.  U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918
https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=6482
You will need to be subscribed to Ancestry's US Records or access from a library which has a subscription.

4.  Famly Search Catalog Search for Area of Interest  County Records available online
Make sure you are logged on to the FamilySearch website.  Enter your Location(Country, State, County--for the US) in Place Search and select Online Availability option.

5.  AncestryDNA--the largest autosomal DNA database.  Once you receive your results, you can download your raw data and upload to other sites such as MyHeritage, FTDNA, and GEDmatch to compare with others who have uploaded or tested there.  Be sure to read each site's User Policy/Terms of Service.  AncestryDNA is the site I recommend testing at especially if you are an adoptee or have unknown direct ancestors at the parent or grandparent level.   

6.  GEDmatch-Free to use site with an upload.  Is not a testing site but rather a site where results can be uploaded and compared to others who have tested at any of the major DNA testing sites and uploaded to GEDmatch. Tier 1 DNA analysis tools available at $10 a month but subscribing is not necessary for use of the majority of the tools.

7.  DNAgedcom-- available as a client software for retrieval of match info from the other testing sites and also web-based analysis. See the website for more info on its current offerings and price.

8.  Interactive Shared cM Project with Relationship Probabilities--the latest version of a helpful interactive tool by Jonny Perl using Blaine Bettinger's Shared cM Project info and the probability chart by TheDNAGeek.

9.  DNA Painter--Jonny Perl's tool for Chromosome Painting.

10. & 11.  Chrome Browser Extensions--There are two browser extensions for Chrome Browser that I use to help sort and identify my AncestryDNA matches:  AncestryDNA Helper and MedBetterDNA. You can find those at Google Chrome's Webstore using the search option.

12.  Visual Phasing Spreadsheet--Visual Phasing an autosomal DNA analysis technique where you use chromosome comparison of 3 full siblings' atDNA results to find which segments came from each of their 4 grandparents  This is particularly helpful when trying to determine which lines you share with a DNA match.  You can find the Visual Phasing Spreadsheet by Steven Fox in the Files section of the Visual Phasing Working Group at Facebook. Members of that group are very helpful. Also more information about visual phasing in the series Visual Phasing: An Example(part 1 of 5) on Blaine Bettinger's blog.

13. Legacy Family Tree Webinars--educational webinars covering a wide variety of research topics and techniques.  You can register to attend webinars which are free for a limited time after broadcast or you can subscribe to have access to the entire webinar library. This is an EXTREMELY valuable resource.

14.  Google Docs/Sheets/Slides--The Google office products which help me to organize share and make notes and charts of my research analysis.

Tuesday, April 17, 2018

Happy Birthday to Who?


My paternal grandparents and their children are mentioned in the Tennesseans' Old Hickory News column a number of times during the 25+ years in which they lived in Old Hickory Tennessee.  While searching at Newspapers.com for my aunt Viola Cook, I noticed a paper from the day my Dad, her youngest brother, was born.  The search result from that edition pointed to a notice of members of the Sunset Club who were having birthdays on that day.  Among those listed was a Viola Cook of Old Hickory who was celebrating her 16th birthday.  Wait a minute... My Aunt Viola would turn 15 in 1930, not 16.  Not only that, but her birthday was on June 12th.  Could this be my Aunt Vi or another Viola Cook?  I've searched the census records for 1930 to try and locate another Viola Cook in Old Hickory Tennessee who was that age.  I did find one in Davidson County but not in Old Hickory community.  A check of that Viola's records revealed that while she was born in the right year to be the one mentioned in the article, her birth month was February.  I may never know why her name is listed or if that is MY Viola Cook.  If it is Aunt Vi, I'm sure there is a very interesting story behind all of this. 


www.newspapers.com
The Tennessean (Nashville, Tennessee)
Sunday 05 Oct 1930
Page 6 Column 2
"Twins in Sunset List of 66 Have Birthday Today"

Tuesday, April 10, 2018

Changes to Account Settings & Preferences at FamilyTreeDNA

Earlier today I received notification via email that FamilyTreeDNA has made some changes that will bring them in compliance with the new European data protection law known as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).  If you have an account or accounts with them you should have received this notice.  Check your Spam folder or filters if you haven't received a copy.

Changes to these settings will take effect May 28, 2018.  

Includes Changes to the Following:
  • Privacy & Sharing--The ability to opt out of match email notification but still participate in matching.
  • Project Preferences--The ability to select an access level for each individual Group Administrator.
  • Email Notifications--Same as mentioned under Privacy & Sharing
  • Updates to Account Information, and Genealogy sections of the My Profile page.
While you are logged on checking out the settings, you might as well make sure you have assigned a beneficiary for your account.  Also, please fill in the info for your earliest known ancestor if you can and make sure you are using the correct ancestors.  See my previous blog post on this topic.